Radiographic assessment of gender-related condylar head morphologic changes using a Cone Beam Computed Tomography. A retrospective study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Lecturer of Oral Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, The British University in Egypt, Cairo, Egypt.

2 Lecturer of Oral medicine, diagnosis and periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

3 Lecturer of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.


Objective: stratification of mandibular condylar head morphologic and dimensional variation in both genders.
Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study included 800 subject. Sample assignment into two groups with block randomization for gender and age using a computer software. The CBCT of the participants were interpreted for classification of the condylar head shape and condylar head dimensions in terms of length, antro-posterior and mediolateral width.
Results: In regards to the condylar shape, there was no statistically significant difference between males and females at P-value >0.05. The condylar head height and width were found to be statistically significant between males and females at P-value 0.05) on both sides.
Conclusions: Within the limitation of the present study sample, the radiographic analysis has shown that there is no difference in condylar head morphology between males and females. In regards to dimensional variation the condylar head was found to be significantly wider and higher in males.


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